Citation and Use of GeoMarker

All persons are granted a limited license to use data and documentation from IPUMS GeoMarker, subject to the following condition:

  • Publications and research reports based on the database must cite it appropriately. The citation should include the following:

J. Michael Oakes, David Van Riper, Tracy A. Kugler, and Daniel Goldberg. IPUMS GeoMarker: Version 1.0 [Database]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS. 2019.

  • For policy briefs or articles in the popular press, we recommend that you cite the use of GeoMarker data as follows:

IPUMS GeoMarker, University of Minnesota,

In addition, we request that users send us a copy of any publications, research reports, or educational material making use of the data or documentation. Printed material should be sent to:

IPUMS GeoMarker
Minnesota Population Center
University of Minnesota
50 Willey Hall
225 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Send all electronic material to: